Written Answer to the question regarding the adoption of the resolution on the abduction of children in our country in the Plenary Session of the European Parliament of the European Union and the emphasis on “serious abuse of children”
Yoshihide Suga, Prime Minister
About i: The Ministry of Justice is currently examining the nature of the parental rights system after the divorce of the parents, from the perspective of placing the interests of the child first.
About ii: Although the intent of your question is not necessarily clear, the Ministry of Justice is working on publicizing the child care of divorced parents, for example, by preparing a pamphlet containing a template of a child support and visitation agreement and examples of how to fill it out, and permitting its distribution along with the divorce form to persons seeking divorce in municipalities across the country.
For iii and iv: It is difficult to answer your question because it is not clear what “in the definition of child abuse by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare”, “including abandonment by both parents without the consent of one parent” and “including alienation from one parent” mean. Child abuse is defined in Article 2 of the Act on the Prevention of Child Abuse, etc. (Act No. 82 of 2000) as the acts listed in the items of the same Article committed by a guardian with regard to a child under his/her care; Whether a guardian’s actions constitute child abuse will be determined on a case-by-case basis in light of the definition in question.